The first thing one should know about native towns and village sites is that a reconstructed map usually shows the historic location of where towns were at one time or another but likely does not point out that all of the towns were not in the locations simultaneously. Towns moved due to a multitude of reasons over time. Local resources such soil depletion, rivercane usage (especially when horses began to be grazed), white settlements and wars.
Abandoned towns – see hist maps,
The map below shows Western North Carolina’s mountain ranges and the natural valleys or bottomlands usually found along streams and rivers. The soils were fertile in the bottoms and fishing, water and travel was easy. The mountains abounded with bear, deer, turkey, elk and some in upland “buffalo pastures.” (cite diary)
Encyclopedia of Cherokee Towns